UN and Security Council reform

The most extensive and profound decisions on UN reform were taken at the UN World Summit, which at the 60th session of the UN General Assembly brought together the heads of state and government of the UN member states. Estonia has strongly supported the reforms related to development, security and human rights and, as a member of the European Union, also actively participated in the discussions leading to the 2005 September Summit as well as the succeeding discussions on the details of implementing the reform decisions.

Estonia attaches great importance to the Summit’s agreements on the establishment of the Peacebuilding Commission (PBC) for the coordination of the UN post-conflict reconstruction activities and the UN Human Rights Council (HRC) in order to strengthen the UN’s capacity to protect and promote the respect for human rights. Estonia also considers the meeting’s decisions on development, the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) and the establishment of a UN Democracy Fund to be among the most significant outcomes of the summit.

Estonia also considers it vital to proceed with the implementation of the Summit decisions. In this regard Estonia views the agreement of the General Assembly on the modalities of the PBC necessary for its operation achieved in December 2005 as well as the Assembly decision on the establishment of the Human Rights Council in March 2006 as important steps forward. It is also vital to follow up the rest of the Summit decisions, including UN management reform, concluding an agreement on a comprehensive convention on international terrorism and meeting the obligations taken regarding development.

Estonia also supports the UN Security Council reform, by way of making the Council more representative of the member states and more effective. Estonia also considers it important that any reform would have majority support.

More information on UN reform on the website of United Nations.