We must bring what is happening in Belarus to the world’s attention and hear from those on the ground. Briefers on #BYHumanRights: UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Belarus, Anaïs Marin; Belarusian opposition presidential candidate Sviatlana Tsikhanouskaya; Vice-Chairman of the Viasna Human Rights Center, Valiantsin Stefanovic; Legal Expert for the Belarusian Association of Journalists, Volha Siakhovich. The meeting is chaired by Urmas Reinsalu, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Estonia. The meeting was initiated by Estonia and co-sponsored by UN Security Council members the United States and United Kingdom, as well as Canada, Denmark, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, and Ukraine.

Ensuring cybersecurity

The Security Council must also deal with challenges threatening international peace and security that are only starting to make their way onto the agenda of the Security Council. In this context, the central question concerns the role of the Security Council in ensuring responsible state behaviour in cyber space. Estonia considers it vital to support the validity of international cyber norms and international law in cyber space. We have extensive experience in shaping cybersecurity policies in international organisations, the EU and NATO in addition to the UN.

Estonia has also engaged in notable bilateral cooperation with the countries of Africa, Asia and Latin America. We wish to start a cybersecurity discussion among the members of the Security Council with the aim of raising their awareness of cybersecurity norms and how to apply existing international law in cyberspace. In launching these discussions, we base our actions on the consensus reached at the UN General Assembly with the 2010, 2013 and 2015 reports of the UN group of cyber experts.