On Friday 20 November at 9.00 EST / 16.00 EET, an informal high-level virtual Arria-formula meeting is organised on the initiative of Estonia, entitled “What can the Security Council do to support the peace process in Afghanistan?”
Foreign Minister Urmas Reinsalu said the peace process must remain Afghan-owned and Afghan-led. As the UN Security Council has a responsibility in the prevention of violent conflict and war, this meeting seeks to identify ways in which Security Council members and the international community can support the Afghanistan peace negotiations and ensure the maintenance of peace and stability for post-war Afghanistan.
“The start of the Afghanistan peace negotiations on 12 September represents a significant step forward in the efforts to end decades of conflict. However, lasting peace in Afghanistan is far from guaranteed. Violence has reached record levels in recent years and many casualties are civilians. Women and children are particularly affected by the situation,” Reinsalu said.
It is crucial to establish a permanent ceasefire and an inclusive political settlement to end the conflict in Afghanistan while preserving the achievements made over the past 19 years, including upholding the rule of law and ensuring the protection of the human rights of all Afghans.
Reinsalu noted that Estonia had extensive experience with Afghanistan, and in the UN Security Council, Estonia would also like to contribute to the success of peace negotiations and ensuring peace in post-war Afghanistan.
The Security Council meeting is an important opportunity to attract international attention to the peace process launched in Doha and the upcoming pledging conference in Geneva.
The President of Afghanistan Mohammad Ashraf Ghani will give the keynote speech, with opening remarks by Foreign Minister of Afghanistan Mohammed Haneef Atmar. Speakers include the UN’s Special Representative in Afghanistan Deborah Lyons, member of Afghanistan’s negotiating team of the national and member of the board of Afghan Red Crescent Society Fatima Gailani and Director of the International Crisis Group’s Asia Programme Laurel Miller. Foreign Minister Urmas Reinsalu will chair the meeting.
The event is co-organised by UN Security Council members Germany and Indonesia, as well as Afghanistan, Qatar, Norway and Finland. The meeting is open to statements from co-organisers, members of the Security Council and elected members whose membership begins in 2021.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Estonia