Statement by Ambassador Sven Jürgenson at the UN Security Council briefing on the Situation in Libya

Mr. President,

I thank Special Envoy Ján Kubiš for his briefing and express Estonia’s full support to the work of UNSMIL. We welcome today’s high-level discussion and look forward to hearing from all the speakers.

While the political and security developments since the signing of the Libyan ceasefire agreement last October have been very encouraging, it is of utmost importance to continue taking concrete measures to achieve lasting peace in Libya. It is critical to make all the necessary preparations for holding free, fair, inclusive and credible elections on 24 December, as set out in the Libyan Political Dialogue Forum roadmap and in the Security Council resolution 2570. We call on all relevant authorities to take immediate steps in coming to an agreement on the legal basis for the elections, so the preparation process can continue in a timely manner.

It is extremely important to ensure full, equal and meaningful participation of women and the inclusion of youth at all stages and all levels of the political process. The only viable way to a lasting peace is to create a safe space for women and youth to express their views without fear of retaliation.

The support of the international community to Libyan peace efforts remains vital. We welcome the convening of the Second Berlin Conference on 23 June that reconfirmed the commitment of the participants to the UN-facilitated, Libyan-led and Libyan-owned political process. We call on all parties to fully honour and implement these commitments, including ending all foreign interference in Libya.

The 23 October ceasefire agreement must be fully implemented. An essential element of the implementation is the removal of all foreign fighters and mercenaries without any further delay. All actions that violate the Libyan arms embargo need to stop immediately. We welcome the efforts of the EU operation IRINI in supporting the implementation of the Security Council arms embargo. Furthermore, it is important to take concrete steps in implementing the Libyan-led and Libyan-owned ceasefire monitoring mechanism, including through the swift deployment of its international support component.

The humanitarian situation in Libya remains concerning. Migrants and asylum seekers continue to be exposed to violence, including sexual and gender based violence. It is important that the authorities take action to alleviate the suffering of civilians and ensure access for humanitarian aid and workers.

For there to be lasting peace, trust needs to be restored in the society. It is crucial to ensure that all alleged human rights violations, mass killings, torture and enforced disappearances are thoroughly investigated and that justice is ensured for the victims. Fighting against impunity, ensuring accountability and focusing on reconciliation are essential to healing the society.

I thank you.