I thank the Acting Special Representative Stephanie Williams for her briefing on the latest developments in Libya.
I would like to express Estonia’s sincere appreciation and support to UNSMIL and to Acting SRSG Williams for their work in facilitating the contacts and mediating between the Libyan parties. That has been especially apparent in the last few weeks following the signing of the ceasefire agreement. The political process under the umbrella of the UN and the Berlin process remains the only acceptable international framework to support Libyans in achieving a lasting peace.
We commend the Libyan parties for coming together and welcome the signing of the permanent ceasefire agreement by the 5+5 Joint Military Commission on October 23. The process that has ensued – the meetings on all three dialogue tracks, the military, political and economic tracks – is indeed encouraging. We call on all parties to continue on this path to fully implement the ceasefire agreement and abide by all the political and economic commitments.
Equally important to the Libyan parties’ commitment is the support from the international community. That means putting an end to all foreign interference and to the violations of the Libyan sanctions regime. In this connection, the EU operation IRINI is and will continue to make an important contribution to these efforts.
Support from the international community also includes ensuring the departure of all foreign fighters and mercenaries that are present in Libya as set out in the ceasefire agreement. The only way forward is to allow for a Libyan led and Libyan owned political process to be implemented.
Estonia remains concerned about the humanitarian situation on Libya. The migrants and asylum seekers are frequently subjected to violence, including sexual and gender based violence; the access to healthcare facilities, especially in light of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, remains very limited. We call on the authorities to take concrete steps to allow aid to reach those most in need. Moreover, I would like to stress that all violations of international humanitarian law and human rights law must be thoroughly investigated and those responsible must be held accountable.
I thank you.