Statement by Estonia at the regional disarmament and security cluster debate of the First Committee

Statement of the Republic of Estonia

Regional disarmament and security cluster debate of the UNGA 77th Session of the First Committee

New York, 25 October 2022

Thank you Mr. Chair,

Estonia aligns itself with the statement of the European Union.

As we speak, there is war in our region. There is war in Europe. Russia, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council continues its war of aggression against Ukraine, despite repeated condemnation of its actions by the United Nations General Assembly. The vote on the 12th of October is a powerful reminder that the overwhelming majority of nations stand in defence of the UN Charter, and in resolute opposition to Russia’s war against Ukraine and its people.

Territorial integrity is a central pillar of the United Nations, and Russia’s violent contempt for Ukraine’s national borders and sovereignty cannot and will not be accepted. Threats to the sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence of any State, under any pretext, are a threat to us all. We urge Russia to withdraw immediately all its troops and military equipment from the entire territory of Ukraine within its internationally recognised borders.

We deplore Russia’s renewed campaign of missile and drone attacks to deliberately target civilians and civilian infrastructure across Ukraine. These attacks that are in clear violation of international humanitarian law are done by using weapons from Iran. The respective transfers of weapons are violations of the United Nations Security Council resolution 2231. We urge all nations not to assist the aggressor in such war crimes.

We also condemn the further involvement of Belarus, who has now established a joint force with Russia in the ongoing aggression against Ukraine.

Mr. Chair,

Russia’s unprovoked aggression against Ukraine has changed the European security architecture. Even before the war, we did not see readiness from Russian side to show openness and transparency of its military activities as enshrined in the various regional arms control arrangements, including at the OSCE. By today, Russia has gone from selectively implementing its arms control obligations to completely violating near all of them.

This is in stark contrast to the principles Russia is promoting in their draft resolution Strengthening and developing the system of arms control, disarmament and non-proliferation treaties and agreements. We call on Russia to recommit to these principles in deeds, and return to fully implementing their arms control, disarmament and non-proliferation obligations.

Thank you, Mr. Chair.